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Some are quick acting, others take longer to take effect. Others are naturally occurring compounds found in particular plants. Some depressant and stimulant drugs also have a hallucinogenic effect in high doses, including cannabis and ecstasy. In recent years, a wide range of synthetic products, claiming to have similar effects to hallucinogens, have also been available in Australia. The active ingredient in these products can potentially be a of chemicals.
These synthetic hallucinogens include NBOMes and PMA, and are often sold as other drugs, yet contain very different ingredients, leading to potentially harmful and unexpected effects. Hallucinogens target specific centres of the brain to alter its understanding of sensory input. For instance, a person may be looking at a blank wall, but their hallucinating brain may interpret the blank wall as moving and swirling, or perhaps covered in insects. The effects of hallucinogens depend on the type of drug, the strength of the dose, the functioning of the person taking them and their state of mind.
Generally, some of the common effects of hallucinogens include:. Hallucinogens are unpredictable drugs. Symptoms can include nightmarish hallucinations, extreme panic, paranoia and nausea. It is also possible to have a mixture of good and bad experiences in the one trip. Other unpleasant side effects can include:.
Like many other drugs, it is possible to build up a tolerance to hallucinogens. This means larger and larger doses need to be taken to achieve the same effect. Some people develop a psychological dependence and feel that regular drug use is an important part of their lives. Research indicates that people can become physically dependent on hallucinogens like PCP or ketamine. If a person stops taking the drug, they may experience withdrawal symptoms. They briefly relive the hallucinations of a trip so powerfully that it seems as if they have been transported back in time and space, or they may experience distortions of their present reality.
Having hallucinations when not under the influence of any hallucinogenic drugs can be very frightening. Treatment for drug dependence Treatment options for drug dependence include detoxification, individual counselling and group therapy. See your doctor for information and referral, or contact an alcohol and other drug service in your area. This has been produced in consultation with and approved by:.
The size of a standard drink can vary according to the type of alcohol. Amphetamines are psychostimulant drugs that speed up the workings of the brain. Prolonged misuse of steroids can cause liver damage and severe mood swings. Benzodiazepines tranquillisers are highly addictive and should only be used for certain conditions in a short-term or emergency situation. Caffeine is a stimulant that acts on the brain and nervous system. Content on this website is provided for information purposes only. Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not in any way endorse or support such therapy, service, product or treatment and is not intended to replace advice from your doctor or other registered health professional.
The information and materials contained on this website are not intended to constitute a comprehensive guide concerning all aspects of the therapy, product or treatment described on the website. All users are urged to always seek advice from a registered health care professional for diagnosis and answers to their medical questions and to ascertain whether the particular therapy, service, product or treatment described on the website is suitable in their circumstances.
The State of Victoria and the Department of Health shall not bear any liability for reliance by any user on the materials contained on this website. Home Drugs. Actions for this Listen Print. Summary Read the full fact sheet. On this . Types of hallucinogens Hallucinogens come in a of different forms. For example: LSD is a powerful drug — typically, small squares of blotting paper or gelatine are soaked in LSD, which are then swallowed, although it may also come in tablets or capsules. PCP usually comes in the form of tablets, capsules or powders of various colours.
It is usually swallowed, sniffed or injected, but is sometimes smoked. Ketamine is used by medical practitioners and veterinarians as an aesthetic. It is often used illegally as a hallucinogenic drug. It can be made into tablets or pills, or dissolved in liquid. It is usually swallowed, snorted or injected.
Magic mushrooms can be cooked, boiled into a drink or eaten raw. Mescaline from the peyote cactus can be found as a white powder, while dried, ground peyote buttons can be found as capsules. It is usually swallowed, but can be chewed or smoked. Ayahuasca is a plant based hallucinogenic tea. Traditionally used in parts of South America, Ayahuasca has become popular amongst western travellers.
Synthetic hallucinogens In recent years, a wide range of synthetic products, claiming to have similar effects to hallucinogens, have also been available in Australia. These synthetic hallucinogens include NBOMes and PMA, and are often sold as other drugs, yet contain very different ingredients, leading to potentially harmful and unexpected effects How hallucinogens work Hallucinogens target specific centres of the brain to alter its understanding of sensory input. Effects of hallucinogens The effects of hallucinogens depend on the type of drug, the strength of the dose, the functioning of the person taking them and their state of mind.
If an overdose is suspected, dial triple zero for an ambulance immediately. Dependence, tolerance and withdrawal Like many other drugs, it is possible to build up a tolerance to hallucinogens. Where to get help If an overdose is suspected, call triple zero for an ambulance immediately Your GP doctor Alcohol and other drug service DrugInfo Tel. Hallucinogens , Alcohol and Drug Foundation. Ketamine , Alcohol and Drug Foundation. Hallucinogens , , Family Drug Support, Australia.
Give feedback about this . Was this helpful? Yes No. View all drugs. Related information. Support groups Family Drug Help. From other websites DrugInfo — Ketamine. Content disclaimer Content on this website is provided for information purposes only.
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Comparison of stimulants and hallucinogens on shuttle avoidance in rats