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Cocaine 'speeds up' the brain, which helps you stay alert and awake, and sometimes provides an 'energy burst'. It is also a pain reliever. It is illegal to possess or use cocaine in Australia. If you are caught with even a small amount you can be arrested and it could lead to a criminal record. Cocaine can be smoked, rubbed onto the gums, snorted, injected, or added to food and drink, depending on the form. Cocaine powder is white and is usually snorted. Cocaine powder and crack can be mixed into a liquid for injecting.
Straight after using cocaine people usually feel wide awake, do not want to sleep, and feel more confident. The immediate effects of cocaine and crack don't last very long. They usually peak in minutes and last from 10 minutes up to a couple of hours. You can't always tell how long the effects will last, because you never know the strength of street cocaine. All forms of cocaine are highly addictive. Continued use of cocaine can cause a of problems, including:. Because cocaine is very addictive, you can experience withdrawal symptoms when you try to stop or reduce cocaine use.
Symptoms of withdrawal include craving cocaine, agitation, hunger, difficulty sleeping and exhaustion. People often feel anxious and are extremely irritable during withdrawal. Other symptoms can include feeling depressed and 'rough', which worsens the craving. Managing your drug use If you, your family or your friends think your drug use is becoming a problem, then get some help and talk to people about it.
Changing your drug use can be hard work, but it will be worth it. Some people can reduce or stop drug use on their own, but think about talking to a trusted family member, friend, doctor or counsellor. Cocaine comes in a of forms including, powder, freebase and crack. How is cocaine taken? What are the immediate effects of cocaine? Effects that aren't so good can include: Paranoia Higher body temperature Faster heart rate Reduced appetite Dry mouth Anxiety Unpredictable and sometimes violent behaviour Not caring about pain, even though it might be a that something is wrong Increased chance of taking risks The immediate effects of cocaine and crack don't last very long.
How can cocaine affect my mental health? Mental health problems that can result from cocaine use include:. Anxiety , paranoia and panic attacks. Cocaine psychosis, with symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, and aggressive behaviour. How can cocaine affect my physical health? Continued use of cocaine can cause a of problems, including: Feeling as though you have the flu the day after using it Feeling run down Lower sex drive Difficulties with sleep Sensitivity to sound and light Scarring, abscesses and vein damage from injecting Blood-borne viruses like hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV the AIDS virus from sharing needles Breathing problems and lung damage from smoking Damage to the nose from snorting Loss of brain cells Harm to unborn babies.
Apart from these health problems, using cocaine can lead to criminal behaviour, financial problems, and social problems like falling out with your friends and family. What about overdose? Larger doses of cocaine can cause:. Tremors and muscle twitches Nausea and vomiting A fast but weak heart beat, changes in the heart rhythm and heart attack High temperature Seizures Stroke leading to coma and death. You should get help fast if you think anyone has had a cocaine overdose. Call an ambulance phone and stay with the person. If they are unconscious, turn them onto their side and ensure their airway is not blocked.
What about withdrawal? Download the factsheet here. If you feel you need help there are a range of ways we can support you. Emergency assistance. How useful was this ? How could we improve it? Send feedback.Crack cocaine paranoia
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